A Dictionary of Music and Musicians (A.D. 1450-1880): By by George Grove

By George Grove

It is a reissue of the 1st variation of George Grove's Dictionary of tune and Musicians, which has considering advanced to turn into the most important and such a lot authoritative paintings of its sort in English. The venture grew within the making: the name web page of quantity 1 (1879) refers to 'two volumes', yet by the point quantity four seemed in 1889 there has been additionally a 300-page appendix and a separate index quantity. The dictionary was once a global project, with members from Paris, Leipzig, Berlin, Vienna and Boston along these established in Britain. It used to be 'intended to provide an excellent and lengthy said wish' bobbing up from the elevated curiosity in all features of track, which used to be 'rapidly turning into a necessary department of education', and to cater for the pro whereas being available to the novice. it's a attention-grabbing record of musical tastes and values within the past due Victorian interval.

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Additional resources for A Dictionary of Music and Musicians (A.D. 1450-1880): By Eminent Writers, English and Foreign. Volume 4

Example text

Mozart, on the other hand, did not use one until his 44th Symphony, written in 1783. What was the origin of Haydn's employment of them is uncertain. The causes that have been suggested are not altogether satisfactory. In the orthodox form of symphony, as written by the numerous composers of his early days, the opening adagio is not found. He may possibly have observed that it was a useful factor in a certain class of overtures, and then have used it as an experiment in symphonies, and finding it answer, may have adopted the expedient generally in succeeding works of the kind.

But Bach never to any noticeable extent yielded to the tendency to break the movements up into sections with corresponding tunes; and this distinguishes his work in a very marked manner from that of the generation of composers who followed him. His art belongs in reality to a different stratum from that which produced the greater forms of abstract instrumental music. It is probable that his form of art could not without some modification have produced the great orchestral symphonies. In order to get to these, composers had to go to a different, and for some time a decidedly lower, level.

In the second subject proper, which is derived from this subsidiary, an excellent balance of colour is obtained by pairs of wind instruments in octaves, answering with an independent and very characteristic phrase of their own the group of strings which give out the first part of the subject. The same well-balanced method is observed throughout. In the working out of this movement almost all the instruments have something special and relevant of their own to do, so that it is made to seem as if the conception were exactly apportioned to the forces which were meant to utter it.

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