A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan language by Nora C. England

By Nora C. England

This can be the 1st full-length reference grammar of Mam, a Mayan language spoken at the present time by way of over 400,000 humans within the western highlands of Guatemala and the nation of Chiapas, Mexico. the results of over 3 years of intensive fieldwork in Guatemala, A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan Language relies at the dialect of Mam spoken via 12,000 humans in San Ildefonso Ixtahuacan within the division of Huehuetenango, Guatemala. England organizes A Grammar of Mam in accordance with complementary ideas: to investigate Mam following primarily conventional degrees of grammatical description and to provide fabric in this kind of method that the heritage details priceless for realizing every one subject of debate shall were formerly supplied. for that reason, England's research of the sound approach and morphophonemic tactics of Mam is by way of an outline of the features of root, inflectional, and derivational morphology. Chapters on word constitution precede chapters on sentence-level syntax. A Grammar of Mam is of specific curiosity in examining a Mayan language that's either syntactically and morphologically ergative and that's leading edge towards strengthening the ergative procedure. certainly in any respect degrees of linguistic association Mam is leading edge, and consequently it's uniquely attention-grabbing either traditionally and theoretically.

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2 SIA The root is a free form and the last vowel of the root leng­ ther derivation or inflection. thens under possession. They are inflected for pos­ 67 Nouns which fall into this,class session, using a set of prefixes and accompanying enclitics show partial phonological conditioning in that all nouns of which are identical to the ergative markers used on verbs the shape CV7C belong to it, but there are also a large num­ (Set A). ber of roots whose membership in the class cannot be r ::edicted Example of a possessed noun: on phonological grounds.

Ma'am' taat 'dad, sir' --'only' 'everyone else (Sp)' 'necessary' CANONICAL SHAPE OF ROOTS adjective, and particle roots can have more than one vowel, and that rarely. 11 Others noq 'scarcely' nemaas 10. 07kx 'who knows (Sp)' kyee7yax iiI 'who knows' 'who knows' sabeer yaa7 (y~~)' Verbs, positionals, and affect roots are quite restricted as to shape. The only root final consonant puro 'very (Sp)' cluster that is possible is -nCo maas 'more (Sp)' clusters occur, but always as a reduction of CVC to CC ch'iin 'a little' yiin 'a little' ni7xa 'a few' 'better (Sp)' mejoor through vowel dropping rules.

If a related adjective is used instead, the structure of the sentence is different different position in the noun phrase (chapter 5), The num­ ber one functions as an indefinite article, and the number 84 ROOTS AND WORDS ROOTS AND WORDS 85 two functions as an indefinite plural. The numbers in Mam are: roots which function as affect words with no derivation or inflection; other affect words are derived from positional juun 1 jun1aaj 11 wiinqan juun 21 and verb roots (see chapter 4). 2). llaaj 14 jwe7 5 olaaj 15 ventions which go with certain types of actions.

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