A Grammar of Toqabaqita (Mouton Grammar Library) by Lichtenberk, Frantisek

By Lichtenberk, Frantisek

Toqabaqita is an Austronesian language spoken by means of nearly 13,000 humans at the island of Malaita within the south-eastern Solomon Islands. This two-volume grammar is the 1st accomplished description of the language, in keeping with the author's box paintings. The grammar bargains with the phonology, morphology, syntax, and discourse styles of the language, in addition to with its touch with Solomon Islands Pijin. it is going to be of precise curiosity to typologists and to experts in Austronesian linguistics.

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7/ ‘down there’. 2). CiV ## Ci.... The two words fuse into one phonetic word and the two identical consonants are realized as one long consonant: (2-16) a. ‹] b. 2 Phonotactics c. /ma n+ and PROFORE ‘and I’ nau/ 1SG 13 [man:‹7] Closed syllables also arise when an unstressed vowel is deleted between /n/ in a non-initial syllable and a dental oral stop in the next syllable. This kind of vowel deletion is particularly common word internally, but does occur across word boundaries as well when two words become one phonetic word.

Vowel phonemes front + close open-mid open central ' back n 7 a Vowels are long in several types of environment, but there is a proscription on two adjacent vowels being both long. I. Vowels are long in absolute word-initial position: (2-6) a. b. c. /+mnl'/ /'ta/ /nn'/ [+:mnl'] [':ta] [n:n'] ‘person’ ‘one’ ‘sand’ II. The second of two geminate vowels is long if the first vowel is in a syllable that attracts stress, unless the first vowel is in absolute word-initial position and so is long (see [2-9] further below).

7n7/. Some bases have two reduplicated counterparts distinguished by different types of reduplication. In some instances the two forms that involve reduplication are synonymous; in others there is a difference in meaning: 32 Phonology (2-66) a. b. c. d. e. n/ ‘be crooked’, ‘move in a zigzag way’ /b77-b7a/ also /b7a-b7a/ ‘sp. a/ -PROP ‘of a place: be pleasantly cool, shaded’ /k''-k'–7/ (intr. ) ‘wiggle a dibble stick in the ground’ /k'–7-k'–7/ ‘lean to a side’, ‘tilt repeatedly from side to side’ There is a profusion of variant forms all of which have the meaning ‘moss, lichen’: /l7m7/, /l77-l7m7/, /l7m7-l7m7/, and also /r7m7/, /r77-r7m7/, /r7m7r7m7/.

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