A History of the Jews in New Mexico by Henry J. Tobias

By Henry J. Tobias

During this first historical past of the Jews in New Mexico--from the colonial interval to the current day--the writer always ties the Jewish event to the evolution of the societies within which they lived and labored. The e-book starts off with one of many least recognized yet so much attention-grabbing elements of recent Mexico Jewry--the crypto-Jews who got here north to flee the Mexican Inquisition. within the 19th and 20th centuries, the tale is extra conventional: German retailers settling in Las Vegas and Santa Fe after which coming to Albuquerque after the railroad arrived. to those bills the writer provides enormous nuance and element, relatively at the position of Jews in smaller groups similar to Roswell and Las Cruces in addition to their social lifestyles and non secular perform in a frontier quarter. The dialogue of the 20th century concentration really at the dynamics of Jewish improvement, and the ways that that strategy differed in New Mexico.

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Whichever interpretation one accepts, however, there seems to be no doubt that anti-Jewish campaigns over a long period of time profoundly affected the behavior of the Spanish and Portuguese Jews. A wave of conversions followed Jewish massacres in Spain in 1391. A Spanish edict ordering conversion or expulsion in 1492 and the forcible conversion of all Jews in Portugal in 1497 became landmarks of Jewish history. The effects of these far-reaching events upon the Jews of Iberia were both immediate and cumulative.

12 In 1680 the northern Indian pueblos revolted and drove the settlers southward, killing missionaries and colonists and taking women and children captive. As a result, when Don Diego de Vargas launched his campaign of reconquest in 1692, his mission became one of recolonization. 14 If the body of existing scholarship is correct on the Spanish-led colonization of New Mexico, what does it permit us to conclude about the presence and persistence of secret or crypto-Jews? With access to New Mexico restricted to official and formal expeditions of soldiers and their families and clerics, it would not seem easy for hidden Jews to have escaped the investigations that preceded the making up of the lists of colonists.

Page xi Acknowledgments Although the author must assume responsibility for whatever appears in a printed work, it does not necessarily follow that he did the work alone. So important are the institutions and persons who aided me in the process of creating the finished product that it would be fair to say, whatever its quality, it would have been a poorer work without that aid. Even though I retired from the University of Oklahoma during the course of working on the book, I cannot forget either that institution or those friends and colleagues who aided me.

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